Hi everyone! It’s Mark from Coffee
Break here and I am in Berlin today, in the wonderful city of Berlin, and I am
going to be meeting up with a very old friend of mine and someone whom the Coffee Break community will know very well indeed: that’s Julia. And Julia is taking me somewhere special today. I am very much looking forward to it! Hello! So here we are! I’ve found Julia and we are,
well, what are we doing today? What are we doing today? We are taking a train to Potsdam. And why? Potsdam is my hometown and I really want to
show it to you. Now, Julia’s actually been trying
to get me to come to Potsdam for about, I don’t know,
10 years or something like that. 10 years. It’s not that far away, it’s right next to Berlin! So it’s just beside Berlin and therefore
we are going to head there today, and you can come along! Yes, come along! Hello! We have just arrived in Potsdam. Now we are in the central station. That means central station. In a moment, we will walk across the Lange Brücke
(long bridge) to the Stadtschloss. Yes, I will show you the Stadtschloss later. This here is the centre of Potsdam and afterwards we will finally go to the park Sanssouci. Okay! So now we are in Potsdam and we are in the Alter Markt which is the Old Market Square. But for a very long time in the 20th century, it didn’t really look like a market square because more than half of the buildings here were not there, they are all rebuilt. So what was there was the Nikolaikirche
(St. Nicholas Church), that’s over there. It’s quite an impressive church. And also the old Town Hall, over there. But, as I said, after the Second World War it was a very empty square, a lot of buildings were missing. And one of those buildings that they rebuilt only a few years ago is behind me and this is the old Stadtschloss,
which is a castle, it’s the city castle. So one of the many castles in Potsdam, the one right in the city centre and it’s rebuilt, although it looks old, and nowadays the Brandenburg Parliament, so the
Parliament of the region Potsdam is in, of the Bundesland Brandenburg is in there,
and something is also interesting, if you go over here you see all these nice old buildings,
the street, none of these buildings were there ten years ago and what we see in
the front is one of my favourite places in Potsdam I’m really interested
in art and it’s a new art museum called the Museum Barberini and it looks exactly like the Palasthotel Barberini and yeah, so yeah, very beautiful! Alright, this is the Brandenburger Straße. This is our big shopping avenue, a pedestrian area. Unfortunately, today is Sunday,
which is why all shops are closed. Now, we’re in another part of Potsdam and I was saying to Julia that this does not look very German! No no, it doesn’t! What does it remind you of? Well, it reminds me of the Netherlands. Yes yes yes, absolutely!
And it’s called Holländisches Viertel. So the Dutch Quarter,
Dutch area of Potsdam, yes. Just a quick question about that word “viertel”. “Viertel” means a quarter. Yeah.
Do you ever say “viertel”? No, you say “viertel”.
“Viertel” like a very short “I”. So does that also work for fourteen and forty? Yeah!
“Vierzig”, “vierzehn”. So there you go, I’ve always thought
it was “vierzig” and “vierzehn”, but no! “Vierzehn”, “vierzig”, and viertel”.
And “viertel”, yes. There we go, we’re learning something all the time! Alright, it is very, very warm today. Yes, really! We are thirsty so we’ve stopped for something to drink. Yeah, so Mark tell me: so far, how do you like Potsdam? I like it very, very much. Great, I like it too. What’s next? Where are we off to next? Hmm, that’s a surprise. It’s a surprise, okay! You will see. I’m looking forward to it already. I, I am very much looking forward to it. Very good! Okay Julia, we’ve seen the Holländisches Viertel,
“viertel” not “viertel” so we’ve seen Dutch houses, these do not
seem to be very Dutch and they don’t seem to be very German.
What’s going on here? No no, they seem to be very Russian! Okay, so Mark is super confused, he thinks he’s travelling all of Europe but not just travelling in Potsdam and this is really the impression
you can get in this city. So, yeah! We’ve had the Holländisches Viertel
and those houses here they are in an area called Alexandrowka
so a Russian name and that all goes back to Frederick the Great, Prussian King who
resided in a very beautiful castle. We’ll see later, so in Potsdam. And he was very open and
he brought people from all over Europe, and he invited, actually invited
them to live here and so there were Russians are living here and in their
own houses in their own architecture and there were Bohemian people bringing
their trade and all their handiwork here and of course the Dutch as we saw,
also the Huguenots, so he saved French people and brought them here,
so very open person, very nice. And yeah, I think it’s very impressive. So where now? So I think it’s time for the very famous park. Yeah, Park Sanssouci. Sanssouci.
So no worries we are off to the Park Sanssouci,
without worry! We are now at Park Sanssouci.
Now, it’s a bit of a strange name, it’s a French name. It means without worry but we’re, of course,
in Germany in Potsdam. Let’s head into the Park Sanssouci to find out more, and I’m sure Julia is going to explain everything. Welcome to my garden, come! So now we are in the Park Sanssouci
and as you can see it’s a huge park! There is a main road that goes all the way through the park, it’s called Haupt-Allee, so the main alleyway and this is 3km long, I think, yeah 3km long so you can imagine how big this park is and I don’t think we have the time to look at all the different places, but what we’ll definitely see is the beautiful and very famous Schloss Sanssouci,
so the Castle Sanssouci and the Friedenskirche also, church building, the Italian style, you’ll see it also doesn’t look like Germany at all. And a different place you’ll also see – the Chinese Teahouse is there and there’s a funny story. So when I grew up I lived very close to the park and I could actually … I lived around here
… and I could actually see the Chinese Teahouse when I looked
out of the window in the backyard and I could always see … when you have a look over here … that’s the Chinese Teahouse, I could see the little golden Buddha sitting on its roof. We’re here at the Sanssouci Castle and I am thoroughly enjoying my visit to Potsdam and to the Sanssouci Park. Julia … is this a … this is a castle, is that a “Schloss” in German? Yeah that is a “Schloss” in German although
castle can mean two different things, It can mean Schloss and this would
be a “Schloss”, like the small, maybe the Baroque era and everything
afterwards we would say “Schloss” but castle can also mean “Burg”
but “Burg” are more the medieval castles, fortresses. Fortresses, yeah so the thick walls …
no windows, and so on. Yes, not these fine little towers and all these things, that’s not a “Burg”, “Burg” is for fortresses. Right, so if we’re looking for the word in German
we either go with “Burg” which is the fortress, or the old style castle or the fancy castle “Schloss”. “Schloss” yeah so “Die Burg”, “Das Schloss”. “Die Burg”, “Das Schloss”. Very good, thanks! We’ve had a lovely afternoon here
wandering around the Park Sanssouci, losing all our worries in the warm sunshine and it’s
such a lovely, lovely park and a lovely town! Did you like it, Mark? I liked it very, very much! Thanks, yes! It was very nice to get to know your city. Okay, I am happy about that but “deine Stadt”,
“Stadt” is feminine. It was very nice to get to know your city. It’s only by making mistakes that you learn and
that you get further practise with things. No problem. We hope you have enjoyed joining us in Potsdam and if you already know Potsdam then
let us know in the comments! Post a comment and tell us where you
enjoy visiting in Potsdam. And if, of course, you’ve enjoyed this video
then give it a like as well! There’s more from Coffee Break Languages and
we’ll be back again soon with more Coffee Break German content and indeed
our other Coffee Break content so if you’d like to know when that’s coming
then make sure you subscribe and click the little notifications bell that appears and we’ll let you know when there’s a new video on our channel but for now, that’s enough for today. Yes! So, thank you very much and see you next time! Bye bye!