Hey guys, this is Todd from Pull Espresso Machines. Today I want to talk to you about something that’s a little known about espresso machines and how they’re made. it’s actually it seems pretty unexciting, but it’s exciting to us the lines. That are inside the Machine typically are going to use on a mass-produced machine that’s on an assembly line they’re going to use a type of manufacturing process which is like a flare or compression these are very very fast to make. You can make the lines up an assembly line it’s it’s all about production we chose to go the traditional route which is an older way of doing it and i miss the most reliable definitely you can you can be assured that these machines will last a lot longer with these type of fittings on it and what they are is a british standard pipe but a very specialized fitting that’s been hand-raised so all the ferals on the ends are actually hand braised with silver solder always a fifty-five percent silver which flows very nicely. Very reliable and very durable. Very expensive but but that’s it is the best but we do is we have embraced the fittings these are machine fittings that are special just for a very limited amounts of manufacturing still use these the boat industry i’m a little bit it’s kind of gone a favor because it’s so time-consuming to manufacture and built make these lines up we like it because it is the most reliable and this is how exactly how they work you’ve got a fitting this machine you slide it over the actual copper tube which is metric copper tube and then although all that we’re doing is we’re simply flowing the silver into the fitting which marries the fitting with the actual copperline there’s really not a lot of potential for leaks because it’s actually physically connected using metal as opposed to a compression ring that’s been crushed on the line which can leak or even a flare fitting that can leak we chose this because it is definitely the most traditional it’s still true to the craft of how espresso machines used to build and that’s why we chose it. But we like it it’s much more serviceable we love the fact that we can rely on for many many years to come it’s just another little thing that we do that are competitors don’t and we love to talk to you more about the other things that we do in the next coming videos thanks so much for checking us out.